On the 1th September, 1939, German troops without a declaration of war crossed the border of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth almost at entire length, thus beginning the first campaign of World War II. The Polish Army, alone in combat, could not effectively resist the aggression of Germany and the Soviet invasion of 17th September. The consequence of this situation was the Fourth Partition of Poland by Hitler and Stalin. You will learn about the events in the Polish lands and the fate of Poles during the Second World War by choosing a tour in the footsteps of history!
Before the outbreak of World War II, Warsaw occupied an area of about 140 square kilometers. When on 17th January, 1945, troops of the Polish Armed Forces and the Red Army entered the city, the buildings were destroyed in 85%, in the ruins was 90%. industrial plants and approx. 30% underground devices and all bridges. It was a terrible price that Warsaw paid for resistance to the occupant, for being the central center of political, intellectual and cultural life before and during the war. On the fate of Warsaw’s defense, tells the phenomenal Warsaw Rising Museum, which we will visit with a guide!
Gdańsk, which is one of the oldest cities in Poland with over a thousand years of history, is nowadays considered not only as a symbolic place of the outbreak of World War II, but also as the birthplace of “Solidarność” and the beginning of the fall of communism in Central Europe. In Gdańsk, we will visit the Museum of the Second World War, very interesting architectural from the outside, but most of all, modern, multimedia and full of authentic stories of people who survived the war. We will also visit Westerplatte, where on September 1st, 1939, there was an attack on Poland, which began the Second World War.
On September 2nd, 1939, 34 kilometers from Gdansk, to the camp in Sztutowo, Germans brought 200 prisoners. It was the first and longest existing concentration camp in the territories included in the present Poland. In total, over 120,000 prisoners, citizens of 25 countries, of whom 50,000 Jews passed through KL Stutthof. The number of victims is estimated at over 65,000 people. Some sources give the number of 85 thousand murdered. We will visit the museum telling the story of the camp and its prisoners. To relax a bit mentally and physically from the theme of the war, we will spend one day at the seaside!
In autumn 1944, Austrian industrialist and Nazi Oskar Schindler decided to transport more than 1,100 Jews from his factory in Krakow to the Czech Republic. Schindler’s decision was dictated first of all by the need to evacuate the factory from the approaching Soviet front. However, thanks to the fact, the Jews from the Schindler factory in Kraków had the chance to survive the extermination. After many years from all of history, the most important was the list of Jews saved by Schindler. The Schindler’s Factory is one of the most interesting places that we will see when visiting Kraków!
German concentration camp in Lublin, so-called Majdanek was created by the decision of Heinrich Himmler. During his visit to Lublin in July 1941, he charged the commander of the SS and police in the Lublin district Odil Globocnik with the task of building a camp “for 25-50 thousand prisoners who would be used in workshops and on SS and police construction sites”. They were to provide a free labor force for the implementation of plans for the expansion of the Third Reich. Today, Majdanek is an extremely touching, huge museum located in the area of the former camp.